Chilli is the largest exported spice from India, having clocked earnings of Rs 4,256 crore last year.
China has emerged as a significant purchaser of Indian chilli, particularly the high heat variety. Chinese chilli production is mostly confined to low heat ones. Export to China has gone up more than four times to over 9,000 tonnes in the past couple of years.
Chilli exporters suffered a loss last year as prices plunged because of bumper production in India. From a peak of over Rs 5,000 crore in 2016-17, the export value declined 16 per cent last year.